Mammal Rattus rattus (Black Rat)

Hairyman

Ludwig Leichhardt
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Scientific Name: Rattus rattus

Common Name: Black Rat

Sub-class: Theriiformes

Family: Muridae

Other Names: Ship Rat, Roof Rat, House Rat, Alexandrine Rat, Old English Rat.

Distribution: Originally an Asian species, it has spread throughout the world in historic times and probably first
reached Australia with the First Fleet. It is now found throughout most of coastal and adjacent inland Australia.

Habitat: Lives in a wide range of habitats including urban, argricultural areas and bushland usually
not far from people.

Field Notes: Adult rats can be of several colour variations such as black, brown or grey on the back and
are lighter or even white on the underside.They have largish thin ears. The scaly hairy tail is longer than their head and bodies.
The front teeth are chisel like with a hard yellow enamel.
This rat is a serious pest eating and spoiling large amounts of human and stock food and destroying
electrical cables in buildings. These rats are very good climbers.
They are a vector of many diseases including bubonic plague (via their fleas).
This is not the rat of sewers, labs and pets, that is Rattus norvegicus, the Brown Rat.
It has been suggested that the decline of bubonic plague in Europe was due to the displacement
of the Black Rat by the Brown Rat.
Australia has 5 species and 14 subspecies of native Rattus.

Edible.....but cook very well.

Sources:Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black_rat
Australian Museum http://australianmuseum.net.au/Black-Rat


IMG_3222 (567x385).jpgIMG_3225 (536x316).jpg
This is a sub adult and appeared to be blind (before it died).
Thanks to Dusty Miller for finding this specimen.
 
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auscraft

Henry Arthur Readford
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One interesting fact is they keep house mice away/at bay with thier presence
 
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