Mammal Bubalus Bubalis (Water Buffalo)

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Henry Arthur Readford
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Scientific Name: Bubalus Bubalis

Common Name: Water Buffalo

Sub-class: Bovinae

Family: Bovidae

Other Names: domestic Asian water buffalo

Distribution: NT top end

Habitat: freshwater floodplains

Field Notes: The Water Buffalo was introduced to the Northern Territory from Indonesia in the 1820s and 1830s. They were used in the British settlements to mainly pull carts.
When the outposts were abandoned, the buffalo escaped or were set free. They thrived in the wild, especially along the coastal plains that turn into swamps in the wet season.
These days you'll find Water Buffalo in the freshwater floodplains of the Top End and along creek lines through Arnhem Land.
Males are called bulls and have bigger, square shaped necks
Females are called buffalo cows and have rounder necks
Buffalo calves and cows live in groups. A female calf remains with its mother - often for life.
Buffaloes are active mainly at night and at dusk, spending the rest of the day wallowing in mud or resting in woodlands.
Aboriginal people hunt buffaloes in Arnhem land and they even feature in their stories and culture.
Source: http://www.abc.net.au/creaturefeatures/facts/buffalo.htm

Photo auscraft 2012

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